Health tests you should never miss
Blood Pressure Test
- Blood pressure is measured by a quick, painless test using a medical instrument called a sphygmomanometer.
- Your doctor or another qualified health professional should check it at least once every two years
- Normal blood pressure is 120/90
- Elevated blood pressure (over 135/85) is a risk factor for heart disease.
- High Blood pressure is (140/90)
- If you have high blood pressure you should have it checked at least twice a year.
- If you need to have your blood pressure checked frequently, ask you doctor about home blood pressure monitoring.
- High cholesterol increases your rest of heart disease
- Ask for a breakdown of your HDL and LDL
- Desirable — Less than 200 mg/dL
- Borderline high risk — 200–239 mg/dL
- High risk — 240 mg/dL and over
Pap Smear and Pelvic Exam
- Pap smear and pelvic exam are used to detect cervical cancer, and abnormalities in the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
- Blood-sugar tests include several different tests that measure the amount of sugar in a person's blood.
- Blood-sugar tests s are done either on an empty stomach, or after consuming a meal or pre measured glucose drink.
- Blood-sugar tests are done primarily to diagnose and evaluate a person with diabetes.
- There are several kinds of blood-sugar tests:
- Fasting blood-sugar
- Measures the amount of sugar in your blood after you fast for 8 hours.
- Normal is between 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), and to 100 milligrams per deciliter.
- If your doctor is going to do a fasting plasma glucose test, schedule it for first thing in the morning.
- Random blood-sugar
- Measures your blood sugar without considering the last time you ate a meal, snack or beverage containing calories.
- Normal is less than 100 milligrams per deciliter.
- 2-hour glucose tolerance test
- Measures your body's response to sugar.
- Normal is 140 milligrams per deciliter.
- Glycated hemoglobin test
- Reflects your average blood sugar level for the two- to three-month period before the test.
- Used to determine how well you're managing your blood sugar if you have diabetes.