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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which many cysts develop from ovarian follicles that fail to rupture and release eggs. It is one of the major causes of infertility. Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome are at a greater risk of developing ovarian cancer and diabetes.

In polycystic ovary syndrome, there are many small cysts around the edge of the ovaries.

Polycystic ovary syndrome occurs frequently in women who are obese.

What Causes Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

Polycystic ovary syndrome is caused by an abnormally high production of the hormone androgen by the ovaries and the adrenal glands.

Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Some women have no symptoms. When symptoms are present, the most common symptoms are:

  • erratic periods
  • heavy bleeding
  • absence of periods
  • excess facial and body hair
  • high blood sugar
  • infertility
  • male-pattern baldness
  • excess acne

Treatment Options for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Treatments for polycystic ovary syndrome are aimed towards the type and severity of symptoms. Some common treatments are:

  • birth control (to regulate periods)
  • medicines (to combat male androgen hormones
  • clomiphene (to treat infertility)

How is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Diagnosed?

If your doctor suspects that you have polycystic ovary syndrome, he will perform blood tests and an ultrasound. The blood test will check the level of androgens in the blood. If polycystic ovary syndrome is present, the ultrasound will show multiple small cysts around the edge of the ovary.

How serious it Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a serious condition. Women with it have an increased risk of developing diabetes, high blood pressure, abnormal blood fats, and coronary artery disease.

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