What You Shoul Know
The female menstrual cycles is unique in every way and to each individual woman. Complications can arise at any given time. Take a moment and familiarize yourself with the most common complications.
Secondary amenorrhea is a term used describe when someone who had normal periods stops menstruating for at least 3 months. Some common causes of secondary amenorrhea are: Low levels of gonadotropin-releasing hormone, stress, anorexia, weight loss, thyroid conditions, lots of strenuous exercise, stopping birth control pills, and ovarian cysts. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone controls ovulation and the menstrual cycle.
Menorrhagia is the term used to describe extremely heavy, prolonged periods. Menorrhagia is more than just one or two days of a heavier-than-average flow. Women who have menorrhagia soak through at least a pad an hour for several hours in a row or have periods that are more than seven days long.
The most frequent cause of menorrhagia is an imbalance between the amounts of estrogen and progesterone in the body. The imbalance of estrogen and progesterone causes the endometrium to continue to build up. Then when the body gets rid of the endometrium during a period, the bleeding is very heavy.
It is not uncommon for girls to have hormone imbalances during puberty and to experience menorrhagia during the teen years. Menorrhagia is also caused by thyroid conditions, blood diseases, or inflammation or infections in the vagina or cervix.
If you have menorrhagia, your doctor can do a pelvic exam, a Pap smear, and blood tests to determine the cause. Menorrhagia can be treated with hormones, medicine, or removal of any growths in the uterus that may be the cause of excessive bleeding.
Dysmenorrhea is a term used to describe very painful periods. It is an extremely painful cramping sensation of the lower abdomen or back that comes and goes.
There are two main types of dysmenorrhea, primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea are painful periods that are not caused by a disease or other condition. Primary dysmenorrhea is usually treated with anti-inflammatory medicines. Exercise, hot water bottles, and birth control pills might also ease the pain.
Secondary dysmenorrhea are painful periods caused by a disease or condition. Some of the more common conditions that can cause secondary dysmenorrhea include:
If you suspect you have any of these conditions, see your doctor for advice.
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