In regards to statistics, every baby whether born prematurely or full term falls under different statistics. Statistics are merely a guideline of what could happen or what has happened. Always consult with your child's pediatrician if you notice any unusual disabilities in your child.
- One in ten premature babies will develop a permanent disability such as lung disease, cerebral palsy, blindness or deafness.
- Nine out of ten premature babies survive and go home with their parents.
- Hospital acquired infections affect up to 40% of infants in neonatal intensive care unit (NICUs).
- Less than 1% to 5% of preemies will be affected by blindness.
- Visual acuity will affect 8% to 20% of preemies.
- The incidence of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is between 5-10% of all very low birth weight infants (less than 1500 grams).
- The incidence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants have ranged from 18% to 77% and generally decrease with increasing birth weight and gestational age.
- Approximately 20% of very low birth weight infants have moderate to severe white matter abnormality of the brain.
- Chronic lung disease occurs in at least 20% of preterm infants that require ventilation.
Study conducted at University of Buffalo, reported in Pediatric & Perinatal Epidemiology, October 2000:
- Children born about 3 months prematurely are 3 to 4 times more likely to struggle in school than children born full term.
- Compared with children born full term, students born prematurely were more likely to repeat a grade of school (33% versus 18%).
- Premature infants receive special education (20% versus 5%).
- Premature infants require extra help with reading, spelling, math, handwriting, speech/language and occupational or physical therapy (16% versus 6%).
Predicting the Future of Premature Babies, Testing Previews Future Learning Problems, By Holly Wagner:
- Some studies have estimated that as many as 40 to 50% of children born prematurely will have some sort of learning disability.
Disability Risk for Extremely Premature Babies, Source: Yale University, (http://www.yale.edu/) Posted 10/18/2000:
- Almost half of children who survive extremely preterm birth have neurologic and developmental disabilities.
University of Nottingham, published in New England Journal of Medicine, source EXN Staff, October 17, 2000:
- A study conducted by British researchers showed that 52% of preemies had problems at age 2 ½, though many other prematurity related problems did not show up until age 5
- Babies born at 23 weeks have a 17% chance of survival (extremely prematurity)
- Babies born at 24 weeks have a 39% chance of survival (extremely prematurity)
- Babies born at 25 weeks have a 50% chance of survival (very prematurity)
- From 32 weeks onwards, most babies are able to survive with the help of medical technology (moderate prematurity)[EPICure data]