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Myotonic Dystrophy

What is Myotonic Dystrophy?

Myotonic dystrophy is a rare, inherited disorder in which the muscles contract but have decreasing power to relax. With this condition, the muscles also become weak and waste away.

Myotonic dystrophy is a multisystem disease. It affects various types of tissue and organs. Myotonic dystrophy can cause mental deficiency, hair loss and cataracts. Onset of Myotonic dystrophy usually occurs during young adulthood. However, it can occur at any age and is extremely variable in degree of severity.

Which muscles are affected in Myotonic Dystrophy?

In most cases, the first muscles to be affected by mytonic dystrophy are the muscles in the face, neck, hands, forearms, and feet.

Symptoms of Myotonic Dystrophy

The most common symptoms of myotonic dystrophy are:

  • Generalized weakness and muscle wasting first affecting the face, lower legs, forearms, hands and neck, with delayed relaxation of muscles after contraction common.
  • Learning disabilities
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Cataracts

What Causes Myotonic Dystrophy?

The exact cause of myotonic dystrophy is unknown.

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