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Foot and Leg Conditions

Achilles Tendonitis
Achilles Tendon Rupture
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Charcot Foot
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Foot Care Tips
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Fungus Nail
Hagland's Deformity
Hallus Rigidus
Hammer Toe
Heel Pain
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Metatarsalgia
Morton's Neuroma
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Plantar Fasciitis
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Charcot Foot

What is Charcot Foot?

Charcot foot is the term given to neurogenic arthropathy that affects the joints in the foot. Neurogenic arthropathy is a rapidly progressive degenerative arthritis that results from damaged nerves.

When a person has Charcot foot, their ability to sense pain in their foot is usually lost or impaired. Their muscles also lose their ability to support the foot properly. In most cases only one foot is affected. However, both feet can be affected over time.

The bones most often affected in Charcot foot are the tarsals and metatarsals. Charcot foot occurs most often in people with diabetes.

Patients with Charcot's foot the ability to sense pain is usually lost or impaired . The muscles lose their ability to support the foot correctly.

Charcot foot is named after Jean-Martin Charcot. Jean-Martin Charcot was the first to describe the disintegration of ligaments and joint surfaces caused by disease or injury.

What Causes Charcot Foot?

Some common causes of Charcot foot are:

Symptoms of Charcot Foot

  • Heat insensitivity in the foot
  • Loss of sensation in the foot
  • Swelling of the foot and ankle
  • Dislocated foot joints
  • Weak foot muscles
  • Foot ulcers
  • Calluses

Complications of Charcot Foot

Patients with Charcot Foot usually do not notice minor traumas to their feet (eg sprains; strains, stress fractures). The undetected trauma is often untreated and this leads to a slackness of the ligaments, joint dislocation, a bone and cartilage damage, and deformity to the foot.

 

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