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Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

What is Cytomegalovirus Retinitis?
 
Cytomegalovirus retinitis is a sight-threatening disease associated with late-stage AIDS. Cytomegalovirus retinitis may affect one eye at first, but usually progresses to both eyes and becomes worse as the patient's ability to fight infection decreases. 

Cytomegalovirus is related to the herpes virus. Cytomegalovirus is also called CMV retinitis.

What Causes CMV Retinitis?

Cytomegalovirus retinitis is caused by the cytomegalovirus.

What are the Symptoms of Cytomegalovirus Retinitis?

The most common symptoms of Cytomegalovirus retinitis are:
  • Floaters
  • Light flashes
  • Blind spots
  • Blurred vision
  • Obstructed areas of vision
  • Sudden decrease of vision
Can Cytomegalovirus retinitis be Treated?
 
Cytomegalovirus can't be treated, but it can be controlled. Treatments are aimed at slowing down the progression of cytomegalovirus retinitis.
 
If you have active AIDS and are experiencing visual symptoms, you should see a retina specialist immediately. If left untreated, cytomegalovirus retinitis can cause retinal detachment and blindness within just two to six months.
 
The most common prescribed medications for cytomegalovirus retinis are: ganciclovir (Cytovene), foscarnet (Foscavir) and cidofovir (Vistide). These drugs can be administered orally, intravenously, injected directly into the eye or through an intravitreal implant.

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