Being Prepared for an Earthquake
Is California the only state with earthquakes?
No. California has been the state most prone to serious earthquakes in recent years, however, are many other fault zones in other areas of the United States.
What happens during a major earthquake?
A few different things may occur during a major earthquake. You may hear a roaring or rumbling sound that gradually grows louder. You may feel a rolling sensation that starts out gently and, within a second or two, grows violent.
You may first be jarred by a violent jolt. A second or two later, you may feel shaking and find it difficult to stand up or move from one room to another.
During your earthquake:
- Get under a sturdy table or desk and hold on to it.
- If you're not near a table or desk, cover your face and head with your arms;
- stand or crouch in a strongly supported doorway OR
- brace yourself in an inside corner of the house or building.
- Stay clear of windows or glass that could shatter or objects that could fall on you.
- If inside, stay inside. Many people are injured at entrances of buildings by falling debris.
If an earthquake occurs, you may need to evacuate a damaged area afterward.
- Take a few minutes with your family to discuss a home evacuation plan. Sketch a floor plan of your home; walk through each room and discuss evacuation details.
- Plan a second way to exit from each room or area, if possible. If you need special equipment, such as a rope ladder, mark where it is located.
- Mark where your emergency food, water, first aid kits, and fire extinguishers are located.
- Mark where the utility switches or valves are located so that they can be turned off, if possible.
- Indicate the location of your family's emergency outdoor meeting place.
Emergency priority list
Take time before an earthquake strikes to write an emergency priority list, including:
- important items to be hand-carried by you
- other items, in order of importance to you and your family
- items to be removed by car or truck if one is available
- things to do if time permits, such as locking doors and windows, turning off the utilities, etc.
Write Down Important Information
Make a list of important information and put it in a secure location. Include on your list:
- important telephone numbers, such as police, fire, paramedics, and medical centers
- the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of your insurance agents, including policy types and numbers
- the telephone numbers of the electric, gas, and water companies
- the names and telephone numbers of neighbors
- the name and telephone number of your landlord or property manager
- important medical information, such as allergies, regular medications, etc.
- the vehicle identification number, year, model, and license number of your automobile, boat, RV, etc.
- your bank's or credit union's telephone number, account types, and numbers
- radio and television broadcast stations to tune to for emergency broadcast information
Gather and Store Important Documents in a Fire-Proof Safe
Ownership certificates (automobiles, boats, etc.)
Social Security cards
- Household inventory, including:
o list of contents
o photographs of contents of every room
o photographs of items of high value, such as jewelry, paintings, collectors' items