Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is due to excessive repetitive movements of the arms, wrists or hands. These excessive repetitive movements can cause injuries that could become chronic conditions. If Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is detected in its early stages, hand and wrist injuries can be treated, and recovery can occur in a few months. Severe hand injuries can also be treated, but recovery may take up to a year or longer.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common work-related injury. It is common because at work many people use forceful or repetitive hand movements.
What is the "Carpal Tunnel"?
The carpal tunnel is the passageway in the hand made up of the arching carpal bones (eight bones in the wrist) and the ligament connecting the pillars of the arch.
What Causes Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve, which relays sensation from the palm of the hand and fingers, becomes pinched. Pinching usually occurs by swelling of the nearby tendons. When the nerve is pinched, numbness and sometimes pain of the fingers, hand and sometimes the forearm occurs.
Some specific causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome are:
What are the symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
The most common symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome are:
Severe cases of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
In severe cases of carpal tunnel syndrome, loss of feelings in the fingers can occur and the muscle can deteriorate.
Medical Conditions that contribute to Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
People with diabetes, obesity, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, hypothyroidism, or multiple sclerosismay be more likely to develop carpal tunnel syndrome. These conditions affect the nerves directly, making them more vulnerable to compression.
How is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome treated?
There are many treatment options. Treatments usually involves adjusting the way the person performs a repetitive motion. Some of the most common treatments are:
If the above treatments are not successful, surgery is another option. Surgery involves cutting the ligament at the bottom of the wrist, relieving the pressure.
Can Carpal Tunnel Syndrome be Prevented?
Yes. Some easy ways to prevent carpal tunnel syndrome are:
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