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International vs. Domestic Adoptions  

There are two primary types of adoptions: international adoptions and domestic adoptions. For prospective adoptive parents who wish to adopt a child, they must decide whether an international adoption or domestic adoption is the right choice for them. In order to help make a better informed decision, the following will define both types of adoption as well as provide pros and cons associated with each.

What is an International Adoptions?

An international adoption is when the individuals choose to adopt a child who resides outside of their country. An international adoption is essentially a private legal matter between a private individual (or couple) who wishes to adopt, and a foreign court, which operates under that country's laws and regulations. U.S. authorities cannot intervene on behalf of prospective parents with the courts in the country where the adoption takes place.

What is a Domestic Adoption?

Domestic adoptions involve adopting a child from within the same country where the adoptive parents reside.

Pros and Cons of International Adoptions

Some of the pros of international adoption include greater availability of adoptive children, wider variety of nationalities and ethnic groups, and ability to adopt a child as soon as the paperwork is completed.

Some of the cons of international adoptions is the cost, incomplete background of the adoptive child and their birth parents, possible delays when dealing with foreign countries and relative agencies.

Pros and Cons of Domestic Adoptions

Some of the pros of domestic adoption include being better able to adopt a newborn, not having to deal with foreign agencies which may cause delay, and not having to travel around the world to adopt a child.

Some of the cons of domestic adoption include less availability with regard to adoptive children in certain areas, and strict procedural requirements.

Helping to Make the Decision between International and Domestic Adoption

The best way to make a decision when choosing domestic or international adoption is to look at what one desires with regard to adopting a child. If the adoptive parents wish to adopt a newborn and do not have a great deal of money to spend, then perhaps domestic adoption is best suited for them. On the other hand, the adoptive parents want to adopt a child of a different ethnicity and doesn't’t mind adopting an older child, then international adoption might a better choice.

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